Childrens Ibuprofen Dosage Chart
The table below provides general ibuprofen dosage guidelines for pain and fever in children, according to the NLM. The dosage varies both by the childs weight, as listed in the first column, and the form and strength of ibuprofen for children, as seen in the following columns.
Remember, your healthcare provider should determine the dosage of any medication, especially in infants.
|17.5-20 mL or 4 tsp
Ibuprofen should not be used in children under six months of age unless directed by your childs pediatrician. The frequency to repeat the doses listed above is every six to eight hours. Dosing syringes for measurements are more accurate than household spoons.
What Are The Side Effects Of Ibuprofen
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction or a severe skin reaction .
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of a heart attack or stroke: chest pain spreading to your jaw or shoulder, sudden numbness or weakness on one side of the body, slurred speech, leg swelling, feeling short of breath.
Stop using ibuprofen and call your doctor at once if you have:
- changes in your vision
- shortness of breath
- swelling or rapid weight gain
- a skin rash, no matter how mild
- signs of stomach bleeding–bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- liver problems–nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, tired feeling, flu-like symptoms, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice
- low red blood cells –pale skin, feeling light-headed or short of breath, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating or
- kidney problems–little or no urinating, painful or difficult urination, swelling in your feet or ankles, feeling tired or short of breath.
Common side effects may include:
- nausea, vomiting, gas
- dizziness, headache.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What Is A Safe Dose Of Ibuprofen
The recommended dose of ibuprofen is 200-400 mg by mouth every 4-6 hours as needed for pain or fever. The recommended maximum daily dose is 1200 mg for over-the-counter ibuprofen and 3200 mg for prescription-strength ibuprofen.In children, safe dosage of ibuprofen depends on the childs weight as well as the condition that is being treated. A doctor or pharmacist can help you determine the correct dosing for your child. It is not recommended to give ibuprofen to children under six months of age.
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What Doses Is Ibuprofen Available In
As noted above, over-the-counter and prescription ibuprofen is available in various dosage forms like tablets and suspensions. The most commonly available formulations and dosage strengths of ibuprofen include tablets , capsules , chewable tablets , oral suspension, or liquid , and concentrated oral suspension for infants . Notably, the 400 mg, 600 mg, and 800 mg tablets of ibuprofen are available by prescription only.
Other Complications And Risks
The most common complication from ibuprofen overdoses is metabolic acidosis, in which the body cannot eliminate acidic compounds from its blood and tissues.
The body breaks ibuprofen down into acidic compounds. When a person overdoses on it, the acidic compounds accumulate and can reduce the pH of the blood and body tissues. This makes the body more acidic.
Ibuprofen overdose can cause sudden kidney failure and seizures, which can affect the production and elimination of acidic compounds.
Metabolic acidosis can cause:
- a higher risk of irregular heartbeat
- altered delivery of oxygen through the bloodstream
- immune system impairment
A blood test can reveal a low platelet count following an overdose. Prothrombin time, which is the time it takes for the blood to clot, will also rise. This means that the bodys ability to form blood clots may be reduced.
It is vital for people to seek medical attention immediately if they believe they have ingested too much ibuprofen. In most cases, doctors can reverse the consequences of an ibuprofen overdose.
The emergency doctor will take a complete history of how much ibuprofen the person took and at what time.
It is also vital for the person to mention whether they took other substances with the ibuprofen. Knowing this will help the doctor determine the best treatment and how best to manage the overdose.
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What Forms Does Ibuprofen Come In For Children
Childrens ibuprofen comes in a liquid suspension and chewable tablets. Its important to know that “childrens ibuprofen” and “infants ibuprofen” suspensions have different concentrations. Infants ibuprofen has more medication in every milliliter .
For example, if you give a child 5 mL of childrens ibuprofen, youd give them 100 mg. If you give a child 5 mL of infants ibuprofen, it would be 200 mg. Thats twice as much medication.
Childrens ibuprofen is intended for children ages 2 to 11 years. Infants ibuprofen is intended for children ages 6 months to 23 months. The infants formulation is designed so that small children dont have to swallow as much liquid. This can help make it easier for parents to successfully give a full dose to infants or young toddlers.
The ibuprofen liquid suspensions come in a few different flavors, as well as dye-free options. Dye-free medications can be helpful if your child is allergic or sensitive to food dyes. There are also a few different flavors of chewable tablets, like grape and orange. There are also dye-free tablets available.
How To Tell If An Overdose Has Occurred
Common, normal side effects of ibuprofen include stomach upset, indigestion, and cramping. These minor side effects will usually go away after a short amount of time according to the NCPC. Its best to take these medications with a light snack or a glass of milk to minimize these symptoms.
Recognizing when you or your loved one is experiencing an overdose is vital. Although ibuprofen is a typically safe medication when used correctly, it can poison the body if large enough amounts are ingested.
Signs of ibuprofen overdose include:
- Ringing in the ears
- Low blood pressure and weakness
- Damage to the kidneys, with little to no urine produced
- Agitation or confusion
- Ulcers and bleeding in the stomach
- Severe drowsiness or even coma
Older people and anyone with medication allergies or issues processing nutrients can be at higher risk for ibuprofen overdose. Talk to your doctor if youre concerned about how your health might be affected by ibuprofen.
If you believe you or someone youre caring for has taken too much ibuprofen or is showing signs of poisoning which appear to be serious or life-threatening, please call 911 immediately. If youre uncertain about what to do, or the situation is unclear and you have questions, contact:
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How To Avoid Ibuprofen Poisoning
According to the National Capital Poison Center , your best defense against accidental overuse of ibuprofen is prevention:
Before taking ibuprofen, always review the front and back labels. Look for:
- The name of the drug to confirm that ibuprofen is the active ingredient you or your loved one is taking
- What form the drug is inliquid, tablet, gummies, suppository, or spray
- What the drug does not containchildren, for example, should never be given any medication with alcohol or aspirin in it, reports the NCPC
- What age range the medication is intended for
- Whether or not the medication is flavored – childrens medications are often made sweeter to make them more palatable, but this can dangerous if kids mistake flavored chewable tablets or gummies for candy
- Dosage information from the Drug Facts section on the labeling
- How much the container holds when its full
Knowing these details about an ibuprofen product helps you better understand how to safely use it, when not to use it, and how much medication has already been ingested.
After reading the label, take the smallest amount possible that will relieve your symptoms, and only take ibuprofen as long as you need it.
Can I Take 3 Tablets Of Ibuprofen At Once
It depends on the strength of the ibuprofen. If you are using 100 mg OTC ibuprofen tablets, it is safe to take 3 tablets at once to make up the total dose of 300 mg since the recommended dose is 200 to 400 mg orally every 4-6 hours as long as the maximum recommended daily dose of 1200 mg is not exceeded. However, if you are using prescription-strength ibuprofen such as the 800 mg tablet, then taking 3 of these tablets at once is not recommended because taking more than 800 mg of ibuprofen in a single dose can potentially cause both short-term and long-term side effects, even though the three of the 800 mg ibuprofen tablet make up a total dose of 2400 mg and it does not exceed the recommended total daily dose of 3200 mg.
How Much Ibuprofen Can You Take In A Day
You should not take more than 6 tablets in total in one day if you have brought them over the counter, from a supermarket or drug store.
If your doctor has prescribed them for you on prescription, usually as a higher strength tablet, then you can take a maximum of 3200mg in one day.You should always try and take the smallest dose needed that gives you relief.
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Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug , an over-the-counter medication in the same class of drugs as naproxen and aspirin. Ibuprofen treats pain, fever, and inflammation.
If youre like most Americans, you likely have some type of ibuprofen in your home medicine cabinet. Common ibuprofen brand names include Motrin, Midol, and Advil. Generic versions are also available, as are childrens liquid products with reduced dosages. Ibuprofen is also an ingredient in many cold, cough, and allergy medicines.
Like any drug, if ibuprofen is taken in higher than recommended doses, it can harm your health. Overuse of ibuprofen can seriously damage your digestive system, interfere with your hormones, and increase your risk of heart attacks and stroke. In some cases, ibuprofen overdose can be deadly.
Accidental ibuprofen poisoning occurs at a discomforting rate among both adults and children: the American Association of Poison Control Centers managed more than 2.7 million poison cases in the U.S. in 2016 alone.
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What Are The Harmful Effects Of Excess Ibuprofen Intake
The maximum amount of ibuprofen in adults is 800 milligrams per dose or 3200 milligrams per day. You should keep these numbers in mind because a large ibuprofen overdose can lead to potentially life-threatening complications. Overdose symptoms can be mild to severe. Mild overdose symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and dizziness. Severe overdose symptoms are convulsions, hypotension , little to no urine production, and even coma. Notably, a large ibuprofen overdose is extremely rare unless it is an intentional overdose in an adult or an accidental overdose in a child.
Besides the risk of an overdose, taking ibuprofen over the recommended dose can lead to serious side effects. Side effects of ibuprofen include increased risk of cardiovascular adverse events such as heart failure, heart disease, and stroke, kidney injury that leads to kidney failure, and gastrointestinal complications such as ulceration, bleeding, stomach or intestinal perforation.
Many People Take Dangerously High Amounts Of Ibuprofen
By Lisa Rapaport, Reuters Health
4 Min Read
– Many adults who use ibuprofen and other so-called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs take too much, increasing their risk of serious side effects like internal bleeding and heart attacks, a U.S. study suggests.
About 15 percent of adults taking ibuprofen or other NSAIDs like aspirin, naproxen , celecoxib , meloxicam and diclofenac exceeded the maximum recommended daily dose for these drugs, the study found.
NSAIDs are among the most commonly used medicines in the U.S. and worldwide, said lead study author Dr. David Kaufman of Boston University.
These drugs can have serious side effects, including gastrointestinal bleeding and heart attacks, and are often taken without medical oversight because many products are available over-the-counter, Kaufman said by email. The attitude that users can choose their own dose regardless of label directions, along with poor knowledge of dosing limits, is associated with exceeding the daily limit.
For the study, 1,326 people who reported taking ibuprofen in the previous month completed online medication diaries every day for one week.
All of the participants took ibuprofen during the diary week, and 87 percent of them only used over-the-counter, or nonprescription, versions, researchers report in Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety.
Overall, 55 percent of participants took ibuprofen at least three days during the week, and 16 percent took it every day.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.
Can I Take Ibuprofen If Im Pregnant Or Breastfeeding
Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
If you are pregnant, you should not take ibuprofen unless your doctor tells you to. Taking an NSAID during the last 20 weeks of pregnancy can cause serious heart or kidney problems in the unborn baby and possible complications with your pregnancy.
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Who Can Take Ibuprofen
Some people should avoid using ibuprofen and others should use it with caution. If you have any queries about using ibuprofen or any other medicines, speak to your GP or pharmacist, or phone the NHS 24 111 service.
You shouldn’t take ibuprofen if you:
- have a history of a strong, unpleasant reaction to aspirin or other NSAIDs
- have a current or recent stomach ulcer, or you have had one in the past
What Do I Do If I Give My Child Too Much Ibuprofen
Taking too much ibuprofen can result in a medical emergency. right away if your child is displaying any symptoms of an ibuprofen overdose:
Trouble breathing or unexplained breathing changes
A blue color change of the face such as the lips, mouth, or nose
Rapid, uncontrollable eye movements
Even if your child doesnt have symptoms, they could still have health risks if theyve taken too much ibuprofen. Call Poison Control at if you think your child has taken too much ibuprofen.
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Dosage And Strength For Tablets Capsules Granules And Liquid
Each ibuprofen tablet or capsule contains 200mg, 400mg or 600mg of ibuprofen. Slow-release tablets and capsules contain 200mg, 300mg or 800mg of ibuprofen.
Each sachet of granules contains 600mg of ibuprofen.
If you’re taking ibuprofen as a liquid, 10ml contains either 200mg or 400mg. Always check the label.
The usual dose for adults is one or two 200mg tablets or capsules 3 times a day. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe a higher dose of up to 600mg to take 4 times a day if needed. This should only happen under supervision of a doctor.
If youre taking granules, the usual dose for adults is one sachet 2 or 3 times a day. Some people might need to take it 4 times a day.
If you take ibuprofen 3 times a day, leave at least 6 hours between doses. If you take it 4 times a day, leave at least 4 hours between doses.
If you have pain all the time, your doctor may recommend slow-release ibuprofen tablets or capsules. You’ll usually take these once a day in the evening or twice a day. Leave a gap of 10 to 12 hours between doses if you’re taking ibuprofen twice a day.
Can I Take Ibuprofen With Ajovy
There are no known drug interactions between Ajovy and ibuprofen , but you should talk to your doctor before you combine these medications. Serious side effects can occur with ibuprofen, such as stomach or intestinal bleeding, rash, swelling, problems with your kidneys, or an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
Ajovy is used to help prevent migraine episodes in adults. Ibuprofen is an over-the-counter analgesic used as an acute treatment to help stop migraine pain already in progress. If Ajovy is not adequately helping your migraine, your doctor may want to switch you to a different migraine prevention medicine or drug class.
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How Much Ibuprofen Is In A Single Dose
A single dose of ibuprofen contains 200mg if it has been brought over the counter from a supermarket or a drug store. Extra strength tablets usually contain 400mg. Some prescription strengths of ibuprofen contain an even higher dose, such as 600mg or 800mg. Always check the label on the packet to make sure you know what dosage your ibuprofen tablets contain.
Ibuprofen Forms And Strengths
Before figuring out the right dosage, its important to understand the various forms and strengths of ibuprofen that are available. These include:
100 mg per 5 mL oral suspension
50 mg per 1.25 mL oral suspension
Some dosage forms of ibuprofen may be better for different people depending on their specific condition. Because children may have trouble swallowing a whole tablet or capsule, a chewable tablet or liquid form of ibuprofen may be better suited for children.
High-strength ibuprofen requires a prescription and is used by those with severe pain or inflammation caused by a specific condition. Health conditions treated with prescription-strength ibuprofen include dysmenorrhea , osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. In these cases, it is not unusual to receive an ibuprofen prescription from your doctor for pain treatment.Ibuprofen dosage chart
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