Aspirin Side Effects Dosage And Low
Aspirin is one of the oldest medicines still in common use. It belongs to a class of medicines called salicylates and works by suppressing the production of certain substances in the body that cause pain, fever and inflammation.
Aspirin also affects platelets cells in the blood that are involved in clotting. Taking aspirin reduces the ability of platelets to stick together and form clots, making it useful in the treatment and sometimes prevention of conditions where blood clots form in arteries, such as heart attack and stroke.
Low-dose aspirin may be recommended on a daily basis for people who have already had a heart attack or stroke to prevent them from having another.
Missed Or Extra Doses
If you’re taking aspirin to reduce your risk of blood clots and you forget to take a dose, take that dose as soon as you remember. You should then continue to take your course of aspirin as normal.
If it’s almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular schedule. Don’t take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
Fact: Daily Aspirin Can Be Safest When Prescribed By A Medical Health Professional
Before deciding if daily aspirin use is right for you, your health professional will need to consider:
- Your medical history and the history of your family members
- Your use of other medicines, including prescription and over-the-counter
- Your use of other products, such as dietary supplements, including vitamins and herbals
- Your allergies or sensitivities, and anything that affects your ability to use the medicine
- What you have to gain, or the benefits, from the use of the medicine
- Other options and their risks and benefits
- What side effects you may experience
- What dose, and what directions for use are best for you
- How to know when the medicine is working or not working for this use
Make sure to tell your health professional all the medicines and dietary supplements, including vitamins and herbals, that you use even if only occasionally.
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What Other Drugs Will Affect Aspirin
Ask your doctor before using aspirin if you take an antidepressant such as citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine , fluvoxamine, paroxetine, sertraline , trazodone, or vilazodone. Taking any of these medicines with an NSAID may cause you to bruise or bleed easily.
Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use this medicine if you are also using any of the following drugs:
a blood thinner , or other medication used to prevent blood clots or
other salicylates such as Nuprin Backache Caplet, Kaopectate, KneeRelief, Pamprin Cramp Formula, Pepto-Bismol, Tricosal, Trilisate, and others.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with aspirin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.
What Are The Side Effects Of Aspirin
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives difficult breathing swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using aspirin and call your doctor at once if you have:
- ringing in your ears, confusion, hallucinations, rapid breathing, seizure
- severe nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain
- bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- fever lasting longer than 3 days or
- swelling, or pain lasting longer than 10 days.
Common side effects may include:
- upset stomach, heartburn
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
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What Other Information Should I Know
Keep all appointments with your doctor.
If you are taking prescription aspirin, do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.
It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.
Q& a With Dr Lindsay Carter
Why are so many people taking a daily aspirin? Itâs all about preventing a heart attack or stroke. Hereâs how daily aspirin can help:- For people who have had a heart attack or stroke, it can help keep those conditions from happening again- For men ages 56 and older, it can lower risk for heart attack and stroke – For women age 56 and older, it can lower risk for stroke
How much aspirin should someone take daily to reap those benefits?I recommend taking a baby aspirin per day, which is 81 mg of aspirin.
Letâs back up â isnât aspirin a pain reliever? Yes, it was developed as a pain reliever, and we still use it that way. But it also has an extra benefit for people at risk for a heart attack or stroke.
So how does a painkiller lower the risk for heart attack and stroke?It has to do with how aspirin affects special cells in your blood called platelets, which help your blood clot. Whenever you get a papercut or knick your skin shaving, platelets take action â they build up and form a plug that stops the bleeding. The problem is that platelets sometimes clump together where you donât want them â in your arteries. They can form a clot that causes a heart attack or stroke. Aspirin can help lessen the effect of these platelets. Your blood becomes a little less likely to clot, and that lowers your risk of a heart attack or stroke.
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How To Use Butalbital
Take this medication by mouth, usually every 4 hours as needed or as directed by your doctor. Do not take more than 6 capsules/tablets in a 24-hour period. Take with a full glass of water unless your doctor directs you otherwise. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking this medication. To help prevent stomach upset, take it with food or milk.
The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. This medication works best if it is used as the first signs of a headache occur. If you wait until the headache has worsened, the medication may not work as well.
If you suddenly stop using this medication, you may have withdrawal symptoms . To help prevent withdrawal, your doctor may lower your dose slowly. Withdrawal is more likely if you have used this medication for a long time or in high doses. Tell your doctor or pharmacist right away if you have withdrawal.
Though it helps many people, this medication may sometimes cause addiction. This risk may be higher if you have a substance use disorder . Do not increase your dose, take it more often, or use it for a longer time than prescribed. Use the smallest effective dose. Properly stop the medication when so directed.
Side Effects Not Requiring Immediate Medical Attention
Some side effects of aspirin may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
Incidence not known
- stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
- trouble sleeping
- unusual drowsiness, dullness, tiredness, weakness, or feeling of sluggishness
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How Aspirin Affects Diabetes
People with type-1 and type-2 diabetes are two to three times more likely to have a vascular event like stroke or heart problems than those without the disease. Because of the close relationship between heart disease and diabetes, doctors have studied whether people with diabetes should consider taking aspirin to lower their risk of heart events.
The American Diabetes Association recommends that among people with type-1 or type-2 diabetes, only those who also have other risk factors that make them more vulnerable to developing heart problems such as people who are 50 and older and who have high blood pressure, high cholesterol or are smokers should consider taking a low-dose aspirin every day to lower their risk of heart problems. Younger people with diabetes, or those who dont have additional risk factors for heart events, may not benefit from aspirin, since the risk of bleeding may outweigh benefits.
That finding was supported by a recent study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, which analyzed more than 15,000 people over nearly eight years and found that those taking 100 mg of aspirin a day lowered their risk of having a vascular event by 12% but increased their risk of gastrointestinal bleeding by 29% compared to people taking the placebo.
Daily Aspirin Therapy: The Benefits And Risks
- Summary: · While taking an occasional aspirin to quiet headaches, muscle strain or inflammation is generally safe, taking aspirin daily comes with some
- Matching search results: Its no secret that heart disease is the nations number one killer. Historically, doctors recommended aspirin to high-risk patients as a harmless way to keep heart disease at bay. And for good reason studies have shown that aspirin can reduce
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Who Should Not Take This Medication
Do not take acetylsalicylic acid if you:
Should You Take Daily Aspirin
It depends. Basically, it all boils down to whether youre at high risk for having a heart-related problem factors might include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, being a smoker or having diabetes and your previous medical history.
If youve had a heart attack, or a stent, or bypass surgery, or some other manifestation of coronary heart disease, then aspirin is recommended in order to prevent a recurrent event, says Dr. Nissen.
If you havent had a cardiovascular event, but are taking daily aspirin anyway, should you stop taking it? It also depends. In general, I tell my patients to stop, says Dr. Nissen. But different physicians may have a different perspective. They might argue that somebody whos taken it for 10 years and has a very low risk of a gastrointestinal or cerebral bleed, maybe its not a bad idea to keep taking it.
What you definitely shouldnt do is just stop or start taking aspirin without consulting your doctor first. Its always good idea to talk to your doctor, says Dr. Nissen. Nothing in medicine is ever black and white, and individualizing care is always a good idea. Talk to your doctor and try to work it out together. We call that shared decision-making. Its always the right thing to do.
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Should You Be Taking A Daily Aspirin
- Summary: · Like what side effects? Because aspirin blocks your bloods ability to clot, some people start to bleed or bruise really easily. They cut
- Matching search results: So who needs aspirin how do you balance the benefits and the risks?If youve had a heart attack, a stroke, or surgery to put a stent in an artery, you need daily aspirin for the rest of your life. If youve never had a heart attack or stroke but
Aspirin Tests & Treatments Nhs Inform
- Summary: · Side effects of aspirin · indigestion and stomach aches taking your medicine with food may help reduce this risk · bleeding or bruising more
- Matching search results: Aspirins second-best known effect is its ability to protect the heart. In people with heart disease who have already had a heart attack, it has been shown to lower the risk of having another. Studies consistently show that people who have had heart
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Is It Safe To Take Aspirin Daily
Only in certain cases say, if you have pre-existing heart disease or are at high risk for developing a heart-related problem and only after youve talked to your doctor, says Dr. Nissen.
Most people should not take aspirin because the bleeding risks pretty much counterbalance any benefit on heart attack or stroke, he notes. And the bleeding can be in the gastrointestinal tract or, even more seriously, bleeding can occur into the brain.
The new U.S. Preventive Services Task Force guidance also recommends people between ages 40 and 59 with no previous heart issues should talk to their doctor about whether taking a daily aspirin is right for them.
However, Dr. Nissen stresses that age isnt the best gauge for determining aspirin use.
Instead, its much more important to take into account whether youve had a heart attack or stroke in the past, or if you have pre-existing heart issues, such as coronary artery disease.
Baby aspirin is not a benign intervention, Dr. Nissen says. There has been evidence for many years that for patients who have never had a cardiovascular event, taking daily aspirin poses as many risks as benefits.
Side Effects & Adverse Reactions
Reye’s syndrome: Children and teenagers who have or are recovering from chicken pox or flu-like symptoms should not use this product. When using this product, if changes in behavior with nausea and vomiting occur, consult a doctor because these symptoms could be an early sign of Reye’s syndrome, a rare but serious illness.
Allergy alert: Aspirin may cause a severe allergic reaction, which may include:
Stomach bleeding warning: This product contains an NSAID, which may cause severe stomach bleeding. The chance is higher if you:
- have 3 or more alcoholic drinks every day while using this product
- take more or for a longer time than directed
- take other drugs containing prescription or nonprescription NSAIDs
- have had stomach ulcers or bleeding problems
- take a blood thinning or steroid drug
- are age 60 or older
if you are allergic to aspirin or any other pain reliever/fever reducer.
- stomach bleeding warning applies to you
- you have a history of stomach problems, such as heartburn
- you have high blood pressure, heart disease, liver cirrhosis or kidney disease
- you have asthma
- you are taking a diuretic
taking a prescription drug for
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Alternate Drugs To Consider
- Jamali F, Keshavarz E. Salicylate excretion in breast milk. Int J Pharm. 1981 8:28590.
- Pütter J, Satravaha P, Stockhausen H. Quantitative analysis of the main metabolites of acetylsalicylic acid. Comparative analysis in the blood and milk of lactating women. Z Geburtshilfe Perinatol. 1974 178:1358.
- Findlay JW, DeAngelis RL, Kearney MF, et al. Analgesic drugs in breast milk and plasma. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1981 29:62533.
- Unsworth J, d’Assis-Fonseca A, Beswick DT. Serum salicylate levels in a breast fed infant. Ann Rheum Dis. 1987 46:6389.
- Clark JH, Wilson WG. A. 16-day-old breast-fed infant with metabolic acidosis caused by salicylate. Clin Pediatr . 1981 20:534.
- Terragna A, Spirito L. Minerva Pediatr. 1967 19:6136.
- Harley JD, Robin H. “Late” neonatal jaundice in infants with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient erythrocytes. Australas Ann Med. 1962 11:14855.
- Ito S, Blajchman A, Stephenson M, et al. Prospective follow-up of adverse reactions in breast-fed infants exposed to maternal medication. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993 168:13939.
What Drugs And Food Should I Avoid While Taking Aspirin
Avoid alcohol. Heavy drinking can increase your risk of stomach bleeding.
Avoid taking ibuprofen if you take aspirin to prevent stroke or heart attack. Ibuprofen can make aspirin less effective in protecting your heart and blood vessels. Ask your doctor how far apart your doses should be.
Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using other medicines for pain, fever, swelling, or cold/flu symptoms. They may contain ingredients similar to aspirin .
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How Should I Use This Medication
The recommended dose of ASA for adults varies widely according to the particular condition being treated.
To treat adults with pain or fever, the recommended dose is 325 mg to 650 mg every 4 to 6 hours as needed. The maximum daily dose is 4,000 mg, unless otherwise directed by your doctor. ASA should not be used for longer than 5 days in a row to treat pain or 3 days in a row for fever. Talk to your doctor if either of these conditions persist. For adults with conditions caused by inflammation such as rheumatoid arthritis, the usual dose is 975 mg 4 to 6 times daily on a regular basis. Sometimes, higher doses may be used.
To treat migraine headache pain, the recommended adult dose is 1,000 mg at the onset of pain or symptoms.
To prevent a first nonfatal heart attack, TIA, a second heart attack, or a second stroke, the usual dose for adults is 81 mg to 325 mg once daily, depending on your doctor’s instructions.
During a heart attack, the recommended ASA dose is 160 mg to 162 mg chewed or crushed. As soon as you suspect you are having a heart attack, call an ambulance and take the recommended ASA dose, providing you have no allergies or other conditions or factors that would indicate ASA is not right for you. This dose should then be continued, under your doctor’s supervision, for a month to reduce the risk of a second heart attack.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.